Astrometric study of Gaia DR2 stars for interstellar communication

We discuss the prospects of high precision pointing of our transmitter to habitable planets around Galactic main sequence stars. For an efficient signal delivery, the future sky positions of the host stars should be appropriately extrapolated with accuracy better than the beam opening angle $\Theta$ of the transmitter. Using the latest data release (DR2) of Gaia, we estimate the accuracy of the extrapolations individually for $4.7\times 10^7$ FGK stars, and find that the total number of targets could be $\sim 10^7$ for the accuracy goal better than 1". Considering the pairwise nature of communication, our study would be instructive also for SETI (Search for Extraterrestrial Intelligence), not only for sending signals outward.